India is home to the world’s second largest internet population. Now, with the pandemic, our reliance on our laptops, phones and the internet has increased to a greater extent. While information technology has its perks, its popularity has resulted in most of us being in the receiving end of cyberattacks. While we know that some of these acts, such as sending obscene photos over the internet or posting derogatory comments on social media are morally wrong, some of us are still unaware of whether these acts are punishable under the law. We hope to remove this doubt through a series of three articles on this topic.

In this article we discuss what cybercrimes are. In the article TYPES OF CYBERCRIMES AND REMEDIES we discuss what acts amount to cybercrimes and the penalty for each of these acts under law. The third part REGISTERING A CYBER COMPLAINT will give you an understanding of how a cyber complaint can be filed and tracked, who can file a cyber complaint, whether this can be done anonymously, and how to protect the evidence pertaining to a cybercrime.

Cybercrimes are offences and unethical activities carried out using the internet, information technology, or devices such as computers and mobile phones, as a tool. Some of the common violations in cyberspace include hacking, unauthorized publications of photos or videos and online harassment. While we know that the commission of these offences are unethical, the existence of legal remedies and the process of registering a complaint in relation to this are not known to us. This article aims to fill this vacuum.
Provisions relating to commission and punishment of cybercrimes and remedies against it are primarily contained in the Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) and Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC).