October 8, 2016

Training Module

Bodhini Education Module

First published in Kerala, India in 2016 By Bodhini.

Copyright (c) Bodhini Metropolis Trust 2014-2016

All rights reserved.

For reference and non-professional use only.


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Guidelines for the Use of this Booklet

If any child comes to you with a problem

  1. Do not judge the child.
  2. Reassure the child.
  3. Do not investigate the issue on your own. Seek guidance from professionals. 4 Do not discuss the issues among yourselves as it may lead to legal complications.
  4. Keep the child’s identity confidential
  5. Do not confront the perpetrator
  6. Deal with any issue calmly as the child is watching you.
  7. If the child s trust is broken, he or she will withdraw and it will be difficult to gain trust again 9.Make sure the child is in a safe environment.
  8. Do report abuse otherwise you are liable for legal action.
  9. Inform and take the child’s permission before reporting.
  10. The assured option is to contact Childline on 1098 for help and support.

Age groups for movies

Road Trip To Hell 8 years upwards Online Predators 9 years upwards Freedom from Fear 16 years upwards

Road Trip to Hell

SUBSTANCE ABUSE – Harmful use of a substance resulting in

  1. potentially hazardous behaviour such as driving while intoxicated, or
  2. continued use despite a persistent social, psychological, occupational , or health problem.

 Leads to

DEPENDENCE – Severe form of substance abuse that involves marked physiological need for the use of such substance.

Leads to

TOLERANCE – the need for increased amounts of a substance to achieve the desired effects – resulting from a biochemical change in the body.

Psychological and Physical Effects

Physical effects of drug addiction vary by drug but are typically seen in all systems of the body.

Substance addiction can lead to permanent brain damage. Drug use changes the brain functions and impact most body functions. Some common effects are:- Heart rate irregularities, heart attack, respiratory problems such as lung cancer, breathing problems, abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, diarrhoea, kidney and liver damage, seizures, stroke, brain damage, changes in appetite, body temperature and sleeping patterns

Some of the most common psychological effects of drug addiction are:-

Extreme mood swings Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms, Memory loss and cognitive impairment, desire to engage in risky behaviour, sexual dysfunctions and suicidal tendencies. Other effects include sudden changes in behaviour, withdrawal from family members, careless about personal grooming, loss of interest in hobbies, sports and other favourite activities.

If such substances are abused at a younger age, the chances of addiction are four times that of a normal adult. The abuse of such substances affect the way the brain functions, thereby adversely affecting the functioning of other systems in the body.

Laws Against Drug Use

Use of alcohol/smoking under the age of 18 years is an offence. Whereas drug use is illegal for anyone at any age.

Carrying/selling of drugs is an offence and imprisonment upto 3 years (under 18) and 20 years (above 18) and fine is the maximum punishment.


Staying Safe Online

  1. Do not send photographs of yourself to someone you do not know personally, online.
  2. It is illegal for someone to take your photograph without your permission.
  3. Do not upload younger siblings or other children’s photographs .
  4. Make your password strong preferably with at least 16 characters. Use alphanumeric and symbols.
  5. What goes online stays online. If you apply for a visa or a job, chances are a background check will be done on you. Therefore be careful about what you post.
  6. Do not register yourself on unnecessary websites or apps.
  7. Install a good anti-virus (avoid cracked versions) software and
  1. Regularly scan your computer.
  2. Use an open source browser such as Firefox / Icecat for all online transactions.
  3. Do not respond to emails that claim that you may have won money or any other offers.
  4. Do not forward any sort of message that asks to be forwarded to others for any reason what so ever.
  5. Users do not reveal their real selves on social media. They only talk about the good things happening in their lives. This is called a social mask. If there is no new update on your facebook timeline after two scrolls, engage in some other activity.
  6. Increased time spent on social media can lead to depression.
  7. Excessive gaming causes depression and other behavioral issues in children.
  1. The internet is a very useful resource if used wisely.
  2. Control the amount of information you share online. Avoid posting personal plans, information on your location and details about kids online.
  3. Beware of your smart phone settings, as some phones attach the GPS location to the photographs you take.
  4. Remove all unwanted apps from your mobile and make sure the permissions are well controlled.
  5. Do not leave your mobile with a third party; even trusted persons.
  6. Do not accept files from people you do not trust. If you receive a file from an unknown source do not open it under any circumstance.
  7. Do not meet a person you met online in a secluded spot.
  8. Always choose a public spot with enough people around if you are meeting.
  9. Beware of video chats, there are many scams where the video is recorded and later used for blackmail
  10. Cyber bullying is an offence punishable by law.
  11. Anything posted to the internet will stay there for a very long time and is not easy to delete.
  12. Materials you delete from you hard disk / pen drives can be retrieved

If you are under threat

If you are under threat or know someone going through the same

  1. Stay calm and not panic, you need to focus to solve the problem.
  2. Do not give in to threats; do not do what they want or meet them. The offenders usually do not go ahead with their claims as they know they will get into legal trouble.
  3. Make records of all communications and save them and keep a backup. You may need this in case you need to stop them.
  4. DO NOT delete or deactivate your accounts or apps.This may cause you to lose critical information.
  5. Share the information with a trusted person like a friend, colleague or spouse and know that you will be safe. If you cant find any one to support you, call our helpline at +91- 8891320005
  6. Tell the offender strongly to back off and let them know that you are not interested in further communications. Also inform them that you will go ahead with legal remedies if they keep bothering you.
  7. Make sure that the offender knows that you are not scared to go to the authorities if that is what it takes. Offenders depend on you being scared to go to another person to get help or talk about it.
  8. If the threats are really serious, immediately file a complaint with the local police and inform another person who can help and support you.

It is important to note that the police deal with these kind of matters seriously and in a confidential manner. Reach out to someone you trust or the helplines at the earliest.

Online Grooming:

Online grooming is the way by which online offenders groom their victims to their interests. The following are signs to look out for cyber grooming.

  1. Look out for sudden increase in internet usage among children. Emotional changes, mood swings, too much attachment for being online, aggressiveness could be a sign of being groomed
  2. Offenders may send gifts to their victims to create a bond of trust and to fabricate an image of a caring individual.
  3. Use of electronic devices such as webcams increase exponentially.
  4. Excessive money with children maybe a sign that someone is paying them.
  5. Emails, messages, etc., from grownups in a sexually suggestive manner, or even intimate conversation from an adult.

Body safety:

1.Start with general safety rules- like road safety

  1. Body safety- Good touch & Bad touch
  2. Private body parts
  3. NO-GO-TELL (Say ‘No’ to the offender, Walk away from the situation and tell a trusted adult as soon as possible)
  4. Trusted adults- importance of at least five trusted adults
  5. Exception to this rule- mother for hygiene and doctor to examine when you are unwell, in presence of your parents

7.If someone shows you a bad video or bad picture follow- NO-GO-TELL. Also do not let anyone take pictures or videos of you without clothes.

  1. If you are playing games online and if a bad pop up comes up, do not open. Tell a trusted adult.
  2. Don’t feel shame or guilty, its not your fault
  3. Never give in to threats
  4. Be assertive- there’s nothing wrong in saying ‘NO’
  5. Asking for help is a sign of courage
  6. Good secrets- Bad secrets
  7. Don’t be judgmental. Believe the child. Be supportive
  8. Your dignity is not decided by what others think of you.
  1. World is a beautiful place with many helping hands. And there is solution to every problem, what so ever.


Never blame yourself.

It is not your fault.

It’s the fault of the other person.

No matter what you have done, do not give into threats.

Threats will only get worse as time passes and you can’t say no.

So reach out to someone you trust at the earliest (or helplines).

Be non judgemental and supportive. Be there for your family and friends.


Bodhini : 8891320005

Childline Helpline Against Child abuse: 1098

Police Crime Stopper : 1090

Free Legal Aid, KELSA : 9846 700 100

Chaitram, Suicide Prevention Helpline : 0484 2361161 Timings 2 pm to 5 pm

Maithri , Suicide Prevention Helpline : 0484 2540 530

Sakhi, Against Domestic Violence Helpline : 0484 2369 433

Disaster Management : 1070

Cybercell : 9497976004

Further Reading and Online Resources






Unesco.org netsmartz


We would like to thank.

All students who contributed to our module by asking relevant questions during our sessions.

Gladius & Schild – For input of cyber safety.

Governement Of Kerala & The Kerala State Police Force – for their constant support and guidance