Healing (PTSD)


Understanding victims of sexual violence/ symptoms of PTSD.
( These could but need not necessarily explain the behavioural pattern of a victim of sexual violence/ptsd)

  • Recurrent distressing memories, flashbacks of the traumatic event or dreams that are related to the traumatic event.
  • Intense psychological distress and physiological reactions when exposed to internal or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event.
  • Avoidance of or efforts to avoid distressing memories, thoughts, or feelings, external reminders (people, places, conversations, activities, objects, situations) about the traumatic event.
  • Inability to remember an important aspect of the traumatic event.
  • Persistent and exaggerated negative beliefs or expectations about oneself, others, or the world (e.g., “I am bad,” “No one can be trusted,” ‘The world is completely dangerous,”).
  • Persistent negative emotional state (e.g., fear, horror, anger, guilt, or shame) and an inability to experience positive emotions
  • Markedly diminished interest or participation in significant activities.
  • Feelings of detachment or estrangement from others.
  • Irritable behaviour and angry outbursts (with little or no provocation) typically expressed as verbal or physical aggression toward people or objects.
  • Reckless or self-destructive behaviour.
  • Hypervigilance and exaggerated startle response.
  • Problems with concentration, appetite and sleep
    (Source : Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5))

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